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人民币升值对我国出口贸易结构的影响

论文编号:GM155     论文字数:12039,页数:17

摘   要

      随着中国加入WTO,各行业已经逐步履行入世承诺逐步实行全面开放。面对着越来越多的市场竞争者的加入,中国出口贸易市场得到进一步的发展,但是2005年开始的人民币汇率改革给国内的出口贸易公司带来很大影响。本文旨在分析人民币升值对我国出口贸易结构的影响,进而提出对出口贸易结构的一些调整对策。
论文首先用一般理论分析了汇率政策对出口贸易结构的影响。然后针对人民币汇率变动对我国出口贸易结构影响进行历史回顾及现状叙述,引出人民币升值对我国出口贸易结构的影响,包括产业结构、商品结构、贸易方式结构和国别地区结构四个方面,并对其做了详细分析。最后借鉴日元升值时日本贸易结构调整的经验,从上述四个方面对我国出口贸易结构提出了一些针对性的调整对策,以完善我国出口贸易结构。

【关键词】 人民币升值   出口贸易结构   影响   调整措施


Abstract

After China joined into WTO, various professions already fulfilled into the world to pledge implemented the comprehensive opening gradually. Facing more and more market competitors'''' joined, the China export trade market is obtaining the further development, but in 2005 the RMB appreciation reform brings the very tremendous influence for the domestic export trade company. This article is for the purpose of analyzing the influence of RMB appreciation to our country’s export trade structure, and then proposes some adjustment countermeasures to the export trade structure.
The paper first used the general theory to analyze the influence of exchange rate policy to the export trade structure. After that carries on the historical review and the present situation in view of the influence of RMB appreciation change to our country’s export trade structure, draws out the industrial structure, the commodity structure, the trade way structure and the nationality area structure four aspect  influences, and has made the multi-analysis to it. Finally profits from the adjustment experience of Japanese trade structure when a Japanese Yen exchange rate raised, then proposed some pointed adjustment countermeasures to our country’s export trade structure from the above four aspects, so as to consummate it.

【Key Words】RMB Appreciation; Export Trade Structure; Influence; Adjustment Measure

 

目   录

引言 ............................................................2
1  汇率政策影响出口贸易结构的一般理论分析 .......................3
2  人民币汇率变动对我国出口贸易结构影响的现状分析 ...............3
2.1 我国出口产业结构现状 ........................................4
2.2 我国出口商品结构现状 ........................................4
2.3 我国出口贸易方式结构现状 ....................................4
2.4 我国出口国别地区结构现状 ....................................5
3   人民币升值对我国出口贸易结构的影响 ..........................6
3.1 对产业结构的影响 ............................................8
3.2 对商品结构的影响 ............................................9
3.3 对贸易方式结构的影响 ........................................9
3.4 对国别地区结构的影响 ........................................9
4  日元升值后日本贸易结构调整的经验 .............................10
4.1 1971年~1984年日元升值背景下出口贸易结构的调整 ..............10
4.2 1985年~1995年日元升值背景下出口贸易结构的调整 ..............11
4.3 1996年~2002年日元升值背景下出口贸易结构的调整 ..............12
4.4 小结 ........................................................12
5  人民币升值背景下我国出口贸易结构调整的对策 ...................12
5.1  优化产业结构,提高出口产品附加值 ............................12
5.2  调整企业组织结构, 提高规模经济效益 .........................12
5.3  发挥比较优势,培育竞争优势 .................................13
5.4  深化微观管理, 加强基础工作 .................................13
5.5 贸易方式结构调整对策 ........................................14
5.6  建立合理的全球市场定位体系 .................................14
5.7 继续推进“走出去”战略 ......................................14
参考文献 ........................................................16
致   谢 .........................................................17

人民币升值对我国出口贸易结构的影响......