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中美文化视野中对个人主义的认同差异

论文编号:YY105  字数:6756,页数:23

Abstract

      The paper represents a different recognition between Chinese and American people towards individualism. American people regard individualism as “individuality”, while Chinese people think individualism is equivalent to “selfishness”. Different culture backgrounds between China and America result in the different recognitions toward individualism. As a social product and a phenomenon of the culture, right or wrong should not be branded with individualism and as a Marxist, an objective and dialectical method should be used to judge individualism. Only when Chinese people acknowledge individualism in a right, can they remove their misunderstanding towards individualism and the wrong exercise of it. Then after they realize individualism in a right way, they could take advantage of it in the construction of Chinese society and the development of themselves.

Key Words

Individualism; cultural phenomenon; the positive aspect; social product

 

摘  要

     论文阐释了个人主义在中美两国人民的认识中存在的差异,美国人认为个人主义是一种“个性”,而中国人则认为它代表的就是“自私”。产生这种差异的根本原因就在于中美两国拥有不同的文化背景。作为一个社会发展的产物和一种文化现象,个人主义不应该用对或是错来衡量,而作为马克思主义者,就更加应该客观、公正的看待从不同文化当中衍生出来的东西。中国人要正确认识个人主义必须从美国文化当中理解个人主义。只有真正认识、理解了个人主义,才能从根本上消除中国人对个人主义产生的误读以及对个人主义错误的运用。在此之后,也就可以将个人主义中积极合理的一面应用到中国社会的发展中,并以此来完善和发展自己。

关键词

个人主义;文化现象;积极因素;社会产物;

 

Contents

Abstract.............................................................Ⅰ
Key Words............................................................Ⅰ
摘要.................................................................Ⅱ
关键词...............................................................Ⅱ
Introduction.........................................................1
Ⅰ. Individualism in America.........................................3
A. The Origin of Individualism.......................................3
B. The Influence of Individualism on American Society................3
C. American’s Attitude Towards Individualism........................5
Ⅱ. Individualism in China...........................................6
A. The Appearance of Individualism in China..........................6
B. The Influence of Individualism on China  .........................7
C. Chinese’s Attitude Towards Individualism.........................8
Ⅲ. Right Recognition of Individualism and Its Advanced Aspect.......10
A. The Characteristics of Individualism..............................10
B. Correct Acknowledgements of the Individualism.....................12
C. Positive Aspects of Individualism.................................14
Conclusion...........................................................16
Acknowledgement......................................................17
Bibliography.........................................................18

中美文化视野中对个人主义的认同差异......