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文化认同的悲剧

英语论文编号:YY103  字数:5057,页数:18

Abstract
       The clash between the black culture and the mainstream culture in the United States as well as the marginalized existence of the black culture is always the focus of Afro-American fiction writers. In their works they depict the twisted black culture and the loss of it, and attempt to call for cherishing their native culture. Toni Morrison is, undoubtedly, one of them, and more importantly she goes beyond that and explores the tragedy of identification. Through the depiction of a black little girl in the novel The Bluest Eyes, who crazily searches for a pair of blue eyes, Tony Morrison reveals the devastating influence and hurts of the concept of value of the mainstream culture, specially the standard of the aesthetic appreciation – blue eyes, golden hair, and white skill – on the black people,especially black women and children. In addition, she shows the loss of their cultural/ethic identities, spiritual breakdown and self-denial during the process of the identification. Based on textual analysis of the novel, the thesis aims at exploring the tragedy of Pecola as the result of the identification of the blacks in the mainstream culture, and further reveals that her tragedy is actually the tragedy of the blacks when they fully identify themselves with the mainstream culture.

Key Words

Pecola; identification; tragedy; mainstream culture; clash


摘   要

      美国黑人文化和白人主流文化中的冲突,以及黑人文化的边缘性一直是非裔美国作家所关注的焦点。在其作品中,他们描述了黑人文化的扭曲和迷失,力图唤起黑人对民族文化的珍视。托尼·莫里森无疑是这类作家中的先驱,而且更为重要的是她超越了一般的非裔美国作家的创作而探寻了黑人在文化认同中的悲剧。在《最蓝的眼睛》这部小说中,通过一个黑人小女孩佩科拉寻求一双蓝眼睛的故事,莫里森揭示出美国白人主流文化的价值观,尤其是社会流行的审美标准—蓝眼睛,金发,白皮肤—对黑人(特别是黑人女性和小孩)的影响与戕害,展现了在对主流文化的认同中黑人的迷失,分裂与自我否定。本文试图在对这篇小说的文本分析的基础上,剖析佩科拉悲剧的根源在于黑人群体对主流文化的认同,进而揭示出她的悲剧就是整个黑人群体的悲剧。

关键词

佩科拉;认同;悲剧;主流文化;冲突


Contents

Abstract.....................................................................Ⅰ
Key Words....................................................................Ⅰ
摘要.........................................................................Ⅱ
关键词.......................................................................Ⅱ
Introduction.................................................................1
I. The Rejection of the Mainstream Culture...................................3
II. The Tragedy of Pecola as the Result of the Identification of the Blacks..5
  A. The Rejection of the Black Community....................................5
  B. The Rejection of Her Parents............................................6
Conclusion...................................................................10
Acknowledgements.............................................................12
Bibliography.................................................................13

文化认同的悲剧......