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美国黑人文化得以幸存的原因解析

论文编号:YY125   字数:7324,页数:23

Abstract

       This thesis is to study the reasons why the Afro-American culture has survived from the aspect of its history. It includes many factors such as the excellent component of the Afro-American culture, the black’s striving, and the assistant of the white and so on. Meanwhile, it also refers to some main culture movements in the process of Afro-American culture development and some figures that have made great contribution to the survival and development of Afro-American culture. Among these factors, the basic reason of survival is the excellent component of the Afro-American culture, as it provides original power for the spread of the black culture and long-drawn life-force for the continuing of the black culture.  It is the black’ struggle that impels the survival of the black culture, and injects new energy for its development. A good many factors, such as the elder’s instruction and the white’s help create advantageous exterior condition. According to the study of the reasons for the survival of Afro-American culture, we can find that only do Afro-Americans know their history and culture that they can have more encyclopedical and good-tempered attitude toward the world, place their self-worth properly, receive extra culture on the condition of preserving traditional cultural and make it melt with American culture and finally make the Afro-American culture be out of the effects of history and reality to obtain real freedom and development.

Key Words

Afro-American culture; cultural diversity; cultural movement of the black; national consciousness

 

摘  要

     本论文从美国黑人文化的历史入手,分析黑人文化的优秀成分、黑人的抗争、白人的帮助等几个方面对黑人文化保存下来的原因进行了研究探讨。同时也提及到一些为黑人文化的延续和发展做出杰出贡献的优秀人物和美国黑人文化发展过程中的主要文化运动。其中,黑人文化的优秀成份是黑人文化得以幸存下来的根本原因,它为黑人文化的传播提供了源动力,为黑人文化的延续提供了持久的生命力;黑人所做的斗争对黑人文化的幸存起到了积极的推动作用,它为黑人文化的发展注入了新的活力;白人的帮助以及老一辈黑人的言传身授等诸多因素为黑人文化的发展创造了有利的外部条件。通过对黑人文化的研究,我们还发现美国黑人只有了解自己的历史,了解自己的文化,才能对世界持有更宽泛、更宽容的看法,才能正确定位自我价值,在坚持传统文化的基础上接纳新的外来文化,并使之融入到美国主流文化中去,最终使黑人文化摆脱历史的包袱与现实的包袱,得到真正的自由与发展。

关键词

美国黑人文化;文化多元化;黑人文化运动;民族意识

 

Contents

Abstract......................................................................Ⅰ
Key Words.....................................................................Ⅰ
摘要..........................................................................Ⅱ
关键词........................................................................Ⅱ
Introduction..................................................................1
I. The Origin and Development of Afro-American Culture........................2
II. The Effects of Afro-American Culture......................................2
Ⅲ. The Excellent Component of the Afro-American Culture......................3
   A. The Comparability of the Ancestor’s Culture............................3
   B. The Original and Unvarnished Character of the Afro-American Culture.....4
   C. The Idea of Double Self-identity of Afro-American.......................5
Ⅳ. The Struggle that the Afro-American had Made..............................7
Ⅴ. The Reformation of Nationality Consciousness of the Black.................8
Ⅵ. The Care and Instruction of the Elder Generation..........................9
Ⅶ. The Help of the White.....................................................10
Ⅷ. Promotion of Culture Movement.............................................11
 A. The American Modern Black Culture Reformation.............................11
   B. The New Black Culture Movement..........................................11
   C. The American Civil Rights Movement of 1960s.............................11
   D. Other Culture Movements ................................................12
Ⅸ. Other Factors ............................................................12
   A. Not Yielding to the Christianization of the White.......................13
   B. Culture Diversity ......................................................13
Conclusionv...................................................................14
Acknowledgements..............................................................15
Notes.........................................................................16
Bibliography..................................................................17

美国黑人文化得以幸存的原因解析......