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美国高等教育的多元化

论文编号:YY097   字数:9960,页数:17

摘  要

     美国高等教育的多元化闻名于世,这种多元化的现象表现在许多方面,如:高等教育体系多元化;管理多元化;招生标准多元化;学生群体多元化;学位结构多元化;课堂教学多元化;实践教学活动多元化;资金来源多元化;服务职能多元化。美国高等教育多元化的产生有其社会文化背景,美国的宽容文化是美国高等教育文化产生的土壤,它决定了美国高等教育的多元化,而美国高等教育多元化的优越性也从中得以体现,多元化使美国高等教育生机勃勃,这值得我们深思,在市场经济体制下,我国高等教育应该怎样走“有中国特色”的多元化道路。


关键词

多元化,社会文化,高等教育

 

Abstract

      The multiplicity of American higher education is well-known at home and abroad. This thesis mainly concerns about the multiplicity of American higher education. The multiplicity can be noted in American higher education system,  such as the management of American colleges, the standard of students enrolment, the groups of students, the degrees in American colleges, the classroom activities, the teaching practice, the financial sources, and the functions of service. The cultural background for the multiplicity of American higher education will be analyzed. The permissiveness of American society is the soil to produce the multiplicity of American higher education. The superiority of American higher education is embodied in it’s multiplicity and the American higher education is based on its cultural background. The multiplicity vitalizes American higher education, from which we can learn how to develop the multiplicity of higher education with Chinese characteristics under market economy.

Key Words

Multiplicity; social culture; higher education

 

宋体目 录

摘要…………………………………………………………………………….……Ⅰ
Abstract…………………………………………………………………….………Ⅱ

绪论……………………………………………………………………………………1
一、美国高等教育的多元化…………………………………………………………2
(一)高等教育体系多元化…………………………………………………………2
(二)管理多元化…………………………………………………………………3
1、权力分散管理…………………………………………………………………3
2、自由与自治程度高………………………………………………………………3
(三)招生标准多元化…………………………………………………………………4
(四)学生群体多元化…………………………………………………………………4
(五)学位结构多元化…………………………………………………………………4
(六)课堂教学多元化…………………………………………………………………5
(七)实践教学多元化…………………………………………………………………5
(八)资金来源多元化…………………………………………………………………5
(九)服务职能多元化…………………………………………………………………5
二、美国社会的宽容文化……………………………………………………………6
(一)善于学习、借鉴和创新的美国…………………………………………………6
(二)多元文化兼收并蓄………………………………………………………………7
(三)宽容文化的产生…………………………………………………………………7
(四)宽容文化的隐患…………………………………………………………………9
(五)宽容文化与美国高等教育之间的关系…………………………………………9
结论…………………………………………………………………….……………10
参考文献……………………………………………………………………………12
致谢………………………………………………………………………………...13

美国高等教育的多元化......