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论中西饮食文化差异

论文编号:YY102   字数:5545,页数:18

Abstract

        Diet is absolutely necessary in the life of mankind, and even in the existence or development. Because of the differences between Chinese and western cultural traditions, the Chinese and western dietary cultures are different in concept, target, pattern, attribution and nature. We study these differences and then find out the points that can be digested, in order to facilitate the communication about cultures between China and the west. Taiwan Professor Zhang Qijun said, “The old saying, ''''Eat, drink, man, woman who wishes greatly''''. For such a standard fair, western culture (in particular, modern American culture) can be said to be male and female culture. But the Chinese culture can be said to be a dietary culture. ''''As the reason of the cultural traditions, the western lives tend to men and women, but because of the narrow gender relations, Chinese people are dumping guidance on life in the restaurants. Thus the diet is rich in culture. Food culture in the west is not developed enough, but this underdevelopment itself is the result of the development of a culture, so it is still significant to study the dietary cultures of Chinese and Western diet. By the analysis of the differences between Chinese and western dietary cultures, we can comprehend the respective cultural traditions of China and the west. And we can also improve and create the culture of China.    

Key Words

dietary culture; cultural tradition; differences

 

摘   要

      饮食是人类生活、生存与发展的必需,可是由于中西方文化传统的差异,导致了中西方饮食文化在观念、对象、方式、归属与性质方面产生了差异,研究这些差异,找出可以融会贯通的地方,促进中西文化交流。台湾张起钧教授说过“古语说‘饮食男女人之大欲存焉’。就这样的标准而论,西方文化(特别是近代美国式的文化)可说是男女文化,而中国可说是一种饮食文化。”由于文化传统的缘故,西方人的人生倾向男女关系,而中国人由于对男女关系的褊狭,把人生精力倾泄导向于饮食。由此赋予饮食以丰富的文化内涵,虽然饮食文化在西方不够发达,但这种不发达本身也是一种文化发展的结果,所以对中西饮食文化的比较仍有意义。通过对中西饮食文化差异的分析,我们可以了解中西方各自的文化传统;同时能对中国文化进行改善与创新。

关键词

饮食文化;文化传统;差异

 

Contents

Abstract .......................................................Ⅰ
Key Words.......................................................Ⅰ
摘要............................................................Ⅱ
关键词..........................................................Ⅱ
Introduction....................................................1
I. Differences in Concepts......................................2
II. Differences in Targets......................................3
III. Differences in Dietary Patterns............................5
IV. Differences in Diet Attribution.............................6
V. Differences in the Nature....................................9
Conclusion......................................................11
Acknowledgements................................................12
Bibliography....................................................13

论中西饮食文化差异......