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黑人之音—美国黑人的布鲁斯与说唱

论文编号:YY162   字数:5722,页数:21

Abstract

      Along with the policy of reform and opening to the outside world, people in China have gradually accepted foreign music, among which Blues and Rap from Afro-Americans are the most popular. At the very beginning, the Whites don’t accept them and believe that they don’t belong to music, let alone art. As time flies, Blues and Rap spread rapidly in the U.S.A and then sweep the whole world. However, though the Black music has generally been accepted and beloved in the society, racism is still haunting the United States, the Blacks have not been treated fairly and equally as the Whites, and the social lives of the Blacks would not be improved substantially. Base on the analysis of the root and development of Blues and Rap and their social functions as voices of the Blacks, the paper tries to demonstrate the social conditions of the Blacks in America.

Key Words

    Blues; Rap; the blacks; discrimination; voices


摘   要

      随着改革开放,在中国人们已经逐渐接受了外国音乐, 其中起源于美国黑人的布鲁斯和说唱是最为流行的音乐形式。很久以前,白人排斥它们并且不认为这属于音乐,更谈不上是艺术。但随着时间的流逝,布鲁斯和说唱已经流传于整个美国甚至全世界。然而尽管黑人音乐已经得到人们的认可和接受,但种族主义的幽灵仍然在美国游荡,美国黑人仍未能享受到同白人一样的公平待遇,其社会地位并没有得到真正意义上的提高。本文试图在分析布鲁斯和说唱的起源和发展以及其在各阶段所展现的作为黑人之声的社会功能的基础上,探讨美国黑人的社会生活状况。

关键词

布鲁斯;说唱;黑人;歧视;心声

 

Contents

Abstract ...........................................................I
Key Words ..........................................................I
摘  要 .............................................................II
关键词 .............................................................II
Introduction .......................................................1
I. Blues as the Voice of the Blacks ................................2
A. The Original Blues ..............................................2
B. Blues in the 20th Century and its Social Function ...............3
1. Blues in the1920s............................................... 3
2. Blues in the 1940s--1960s .......................................3
3. Blues in the 1980s ..............................................5
II.Rap as the Voice of the Blacks...................................7
A. Rap in the 20th Century and its Social Function..................7
1. The Birth of Rap.................................................7
2. Rap in the 1970s-1990s...........................................7
B. Rap in the 21st Century..........................................10
Conclusion..........................................................12
Ackonwledgements....................................................14
Notes...............................................................15
Bibliography........................................................16

黑人之音—美国黑人的布鲁斯与说唱......